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The evolution of the fax: from traditional to online faxing

In today’s digital age, where information travels at the speed of light, it’s easy to overlook some of the more traditional methods of communication. One such method that has stood the test of time is the fax machine. But as technology continues to advance, traditional faxing has found a new home online, offering a faster, more efficient way to send and receive faxes. In this article, we’ll explore the fascinating journey of faxing, from its roots in the analog era to its modern-day digital transformation, and how online faxing has revolutionized the way we share documents.

History of the fax

Before we dive into the world of online faxing, it’s essential to understand how traditional faxing works. Traditional faxing involves the use of a fax machine, which operates by converting documents into analog signals for transmission over standard telephone lines. The process involved 3-steps.

Step 1. Document scanning. To send a fax, you start by scanning a physical document using a fax machine. This document can be a piece of paper, a photograph, or any other printed material.

Step 2. Analog signal conversion. The scanned image is then converted into analog signals. The fax machine does this by dividing the image into a grid of tiny dots, each of which represents a different shade of gray. These dots are transmitted as electrical signals over a telephone line.

Step 3. Receiving at the other end. On the receiving end, another fax machine deciphers the incoming analog signals and reconstructs the image. It prints out the received document on paper, creating an identical copy of the original.

While traditional faxing has been reliable for decades, it does come with some limitations. Fax machines can be expensive, maintenance-intensive, and reliant on physical telephone lines. Additionally, the process is relatively slow, making it less suitable for the rapid pace of modern business communication.

The digital age

With the advent of the internet and digital technology, the world of faxing has experienced a significant transformation. Enter online faxing, a more efficient, cost-effective, and eco-friendly solution. Online faxing, also known as internet faxing or e-faxing, eliminates the need for physical fax machines and telephone lines. Here’s how online faxing works.

Digital document preparation. To send a fax online, you first create a digital version of the document you want to send. This can be a scanned file, a PDF, a Word document, or any other digital format.

Online fax service. JustFax is an online fax service that acts as intermediary between you and the recipient. The benefit of JustFax is that it’s a very simple, 3-step process: you upload your fax, enter the recipient’s phone number, and pay. You don’t need to create an account. You don’t need to pay monthly subscription. Instead, we offer a flat rate based on the amount of the pages you want to fax. We are also globally available, which means you can send fax to any supported country.

Uploading and sending. Using our service, you upload the digital document and enter the recipient’s fax number. We convert your document into a digital data—bits—that can be transmitted over the internet.

Transmission. We then send your document as data packets over the internet to the recipient’s fax number. The recipient can receive the fax on their traditional fax machine or, more commonly, through their email (if they use a service that allows fax to email).

Receive and view. The recipient can then view the received fax on their traditional fax machine or computer. If it’s sent to their email, they can access it as an attachment, download, and print it if necessary.

The benefits of online faxing

Online faxing offers numerous benefits over traditional faxing:

  1. Cost-effectiveness. You eliminate the need for a physical fax machine, paper, and ink, saving money in the long run.
  2. Eco-friendliness. Online faxing reduces paper waste and contributes to a greener environment.
  3. Convenience. Instead of searching for this one store that allows you to send fax using a fax machine, online faxing allows you to send fax from anywhere with an internet connection.
  4. Efficiency. Online faxing is faster than traditional faxing, and it allows you to organize and store faxes digitally.
  5. Security. We store and transmit your fax securely.
  6. Integration. Online faxing can be integrated with other business software and tools, streamlining your workflow.


Traditional faxing was once the pinnacle of document transmission technology, but it has now evolved into the more efficient and convenient world of online faxing. In today’s digital age, businesses and individuals alike are embracing online fax services for their cost savings, convenience, and environmental benefits.

Whether you’re a small business looking to streamline your operations or an individual in need of a quick and reliable way to send and receive faxes, online faxing offers a solution that bridges the gap between the analog past and the digital future. So, if you’re searching for a way to “send a fax online,” you’ve come to the right place. Online faxing is not just the future; it’s the present, offering a modern twist to an age-old technology. So, are you ready to send your first online fax?

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